The assertion that politicians never learn any lessons from past experience or historical precedent is particularly appropriate when studying the rise and imminent fall of German Chancellor, Angela Merkel.
For third time in a century Europe has been destroyed by an all powerful German leader with designs on a Jew free, German dominated continent from the Atlantic in the west to the Ural mountains in the east.
Both Kaiser Wilhelm and Adolf Hitler tapped into the German propensity for conquest and in the case of Hitler and Merkel, the German people elected leaders who possessed a ruthless desire to control other countries by 'fair' means or foul.
Armed with this knowledge, the malign designs of Merkel should have been spotted by political observers and the so-called expert historians when she first became prominent on the German political scene and began her inexorable rise to power. The current crisis engulfing the nation states of Europe could have been avoided if they were as good as they claim to be.
Real students of history, as opposed to agenda driven advocates, will note that this failure has parallels with the political establishment of the day ignoring Winston Churchill's warnings about the rise of Hitler and the Third Reich and their re-armament of Germany.
Then, as now, spineless politicians chose appeasement and allowed Hitler to occupy independent countries with disastrous consequences for the whole of Europe and the world.